Winston-Salem Journal series “Against Their Will”

“Eugenics in North Carolina,” a project of the State Library of North Carolina

“House Select Committee on Compensation for Victims of the Eugenics Sterilization Program: Report to the 2009 session of the 2009 General Assembly,” State Library of N.C. Digital Repository

Biennial Reports of the Eugenics Board of N.C., 1934–1964

“Victims of 1929-1974 N.C. Eugenics Program Urged to Contact NCDHHS,” Dec. 5, 2008, N.C. Department of Health and Human Services


Choice and Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization and Abortion in Public Health and Welfare by Johanna Schoen (2005)

Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present by Harriet A. Washington (2008)

Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America by Alexandra Minna Stern (2005)

Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement by Christine Rosen (2004)

Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction and the Meaning of Liberty by Dorothy Roberts (1998)

The Unfit: The History of a Bad Idea by Elof Axel Carlson (2001)

Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom by Wendy Kline (2005)

War Against the Weak: Genetics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race by Edwin Black (2007)

Graduate theses and dissertations

“Making the ‘unfit’ individual: analysis of the rhetoric of the Eugenics Board of North Carolina” by Oluwunmi Ariyo, Wake Forest University (2006)

“Eugenics and Education: Implications of Ideology, Memory and History for Education in the United States,” by Ann Gibson Winfield, N.C. State University (2004)